Organisations and Countries have to find answers to address the convergence of rising demands for energy, fossil fuel depletion, socio-economic development, climate change and political transformation. We can provide an integrated approach for analysing this problem and provide feasible solutions.


Implications for sustainable development and the needs of relevant societal stakeholder groups must be taken into account when drafting any policies regarding large organisations’ and countries’ future energy systems. Potential socio-economic and environmental impacts at the national and local level, perceptions of costs and benefits, measures of community engagement, underlying values, attitudes and political ideologies, as well as societal preferences, determine whether a particular electricity pathway, technology or project will receive either public support or be confronted with resistance and opposition. As no vision of a future energy system, electricity pathway or technology is value-neutral, opting for the most popular vision and choosing a reasonable path ultimately requires tackling sustainable development and differing societal preferences together, rather than as separate issues.



  • Apply processes for eliciting attitudes, perceptions and preferences amongst relevant stakeholder groups in regards to different energy futures based on a sound knowledge about the complex relationship between different technologies and sustainable development at the national and local level;
  • Provide decision processes for how plans and strategies could be aligned with sustainable development objectives and stakeholder preferences;
  • Provide policy recommendations with policymakers, industry and civil society in order to increase public awareness, stakeholder engagement and societal acceptance for processes how the most preferred energy future can be decided at the national and local level.